Family Self-Sufficiency (FSS) Program

FY23 New Awards

FY23 Renewal Awards

Updated FSS Online Training is available!  Every FSS program is required to have at least one person take the training and pass the quiz by July 31, 2024.  

FSS Final Rule & New 24 CFR 984 Regulations

Word Version of Final Rule

Final Rule Forms

FSS Action Plan



Resources for New Programs


Video Message from HUD Deputy Secretary for FSS Graduates

Family Self-Sufficiency (FSS) Program Listserv
If you are a public housing agency (PHA) administering the Family Self-Sufficiency (FSS) program, we recommend that you subscribe to our listserv. This listserv is for FSS program coordinators and any pertinent PHA staff. Subscribers will automatically receive email notifications of important program news and updates. This is a free service.


What is FSS? on Vimeo

Promotes the development of local strategies to coordinate public and private resources that help housing choice voucher program participants, public housing tenants, and tenants in the Section 8 Project-Based Rental Assistance (PBRA) program obtain employment that will enable participating families to achieve economic independence and reduce dependence on welfare assistance and rental subsidies.

Nature of Program: The FSS program is administered by public housing agencies (PHAs) with the help of program coordinating committees (PCCs). Owners of a multifamily property with a Section 8 assistance contract may voluntarily have an FSS program and may pay for FSS coordinators using residual receipt accounts. The PHA/owner and an adult member of each participating family execute a Contract of Participation, generally for five years with a possible two-year extension for good cause, incorporating the specific training and services plan for the family. Participating families are provided with an interest-bearing escrow account made up of the difference of the rent the family pays when entering the program and the increased rent that would be charged as the family’s earned income increased. On completion of the FSS contract, a family may claim its escrow account, if the person who signs the Contract is employed, no family member is receiving welfare assistance, and the family has met their other individual goals.

FSS Coordinators in each local program build partnerships with employers and service providers in the community to help participants obtain jobs and services. These services may include childcare, transportation, basic adult education, job training, employment counseling, substance/alcohol abuse treatment, financial empowerment coaching, asset-building strategies, household skill training, homeownership counseling, and more.

Other than annual funding by a Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO), for FSS program coordinators’ salaries, no specific funding is provided by HUD.

(NEW!) FSS Fact Sheet: Provides general FSS program information.

PHA Contact Information: for contact information of all PHAs by State, not only PHAs that administer an FSS program, click here.

Funding for FSS Program Coordinator Salaries


The FAM Score is the first standardized, longitudinal performance metric for the FSS program in its 30-year history. As you may recall, the Agency published a Federal Register Notice in 2018 outlining the methodology for evaluating FSS programs.  Over the past few years, we have worked to make the score more usable and to reduce any year-to-year variability that could impact a PHA’s overall score. 

Note - the changes are in the statistics, not in the metrics themselves.  

Note - the FAM Score does not currently measure unfunded programs, Original 39 MTW agencies or PBRA programs.  

Nov. 15, 2023 Federal Register Notice Family Self-Sufficiency Achievement Metrics (‘‘FAM’’) Score

PIC Reporting

FSS Guidebook and Trainings 

  • PHAs, Apprenticeship Programs & Unions – Why and How To!
    On February 17th, 2022, HUD's Office of Field Policy and Management hosted four-hour workshop for PHAs to gain a deeper understanding of best practices, tools, and resources needed to implement new or connect with already established pre-apprenticeships and apprenticeships in their communities. Topics included recruitment and retention of workers, benefits of apprenticeships and pre-apprenticeships, increasing women’s economic opportunity in construction, and funding sources to support workforce development and career support services. 

  • Consumer Finance Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) Guide to Remote Financial Coaching and related Bureau resources. You can access the recording, slides, transcript, links to the resources discussed, and output from group activities.  This is an excellent corollary to CFPB’s Your Money, Your Goals financial empowerment and consumer protection resources for frontline staff and volunteers to use with traditionally underserved populations. This series is designed for new and experienced practitioners who would like to receive an overview of the latest resources and exchange tips and strategies for using the tools with clients. The series will focus on content related to: financial well-being, consumer protection, cash flow, credit, debt, savings, financial products, and other topics.

Program Rules and Requirements


Family Unification Program (FUP) Youth and FSS Program Demonstration & Fostering Youth Initiative (FYI) Vouchers & Fostering Stable Housing Opportunities (FSHO)

In the FY2015 Appropriations Act for HUD, Congress authorized a demonstration to test the effectiveness of combining Housing Choice Vouchers for eligible youth lacking adequate housing under FUP with assistance under the FSS program.

The Fostering Stable Housing Opportunities Amendments, passed by Congress in the 2021 Appropriations pairs FUP Youth and FYI vouchers with the FSS program (or similar) to extend the life of the vouchers as long as the participant is in the FSS program.  See Implementation of the Fostering Stable Housing Opportunities Amendments for the Federal Register notice calling for public comment on its implementation

Publications on HUD's FSS program

Other Resources