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What You Need to Know About Zika Virus

Basic Facts

  • People usually get Zika through a mosquito bite—but only certain kinds of mosquitoes (Aedes mosquitoes) can spread Zika.
  • Zika can also be spread through sexual contact and blood contact (i.e. blood transfusions, sharing injection equipment, etc.). Zika is not spread by casual contact.
  • Most people (80%) who get infected with Zika do not get sick. For those who do get sick, the sickness is usually mild.
  • Since Zika causes birth defects, there is special guidance related to pregnancy. [add in link re: pregnancy]
  • There is no Zika vaccine and no medicine that treats Zika.

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Protecting yourself and your loved ones from Zika

Basic Facts

  • No vaccine exists to prevent Zika.
  • Prevent Zika by avoiding mosquito bites.
  • Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus bite during the day and night.
  • Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus also spread dengue and chikungunya viruses.
  • Zika can be passed through sex from a person who has Zika to his or her sex partners. Condoms can reduce the chance of getting Zika from sex. Condoms include male and female condoms.
  • Local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission has been reported in the U.S.. Learn more.

Controlling Mosquitos inside and outside of your home

Everyone can help control mosquitoes

  • Professionals from local government departments or mosquito control districts develop mosquito control plans, perform tasks to control young and adult mosquitoes, and evaluate the effectiveness of actions taken.
  • You, your neighbors, and the community can also take steps to reduce mosquitoes in and around your home and in your neighborhood.

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Zika and Pregnancy:

Basic Facts:

  • Zika virus can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus.
  • Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects
  • Zika primarily spreads through infected mosquitoes
  • You can also get Zika through sex
  • There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat Zika