Office of Policy Development and Research

Impact of RAD on Children in HUD Assisted Households

The Rental Assistance Demonstration (RAD) was established under the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-55, approved November 18, 2011).  The goals of RAD include preserving the affordability of federally assisted properties and improving their physical and financial condition. The program achieves these goals by allowing RAD-converted properties to access private and public funding sources and address immediate and long-term capital needs. The RAD program is currently authorized to convert up to 445,000 public housing units (about one third of the 1.2 million public housing units available nationwide before the program started). It has also assisted other multifamily subsidized housing (Rent Supplement, Rental Assistance Payment, Moderate Rehabilitation, and Section 202 PRAC). The RAD program includes requirements to protect the rights of residents during the conversion and to offer them the option to move out of the property with a tenant-based voucher, one to two years after the conversion. As of January 2020, approximately 129,000 public housing units and 35,000 multifamily units have converted through the RAD program. For more information on RAD, visit the website

HUD recently published an evaluation of RAD that examined whether RAD preserved affordable housing, improved physical condition, and stabilized the financial condition of properties. The evaluation also assessed how tenants and Public Housing Authorities (PHAs) are impacted by the program. The evaluation found that RAD projects raised $12.6 billion in funding for 103,268 affordable housing units, as of October 2018. RAD properties included in the study were addressing short-term capital needs and meeting their projected long-term capital needs, four years after entering the program. A sample of RAD residents reported overall satisfaction with the RAD process and with their housing.

In 2019, HUD contracted a follow-up evaluation of the RAD program that will assess the implementation and outcomes of the RAD choice mobility option, which gives residents the option to move out of the property with a tenant-based voucher, one to two years after the conversion. The evaluation will also analyze the long-term impact of RAD on the preservation of the former public housing properties and the adequacy of the asset management practices used to monitor the RAD-converted portfolio. If more resources become available, HUD may choose to evaluate PHA’s organizational change and additional RAD tenant outcomes. Results from this follow-up evaluation are expected in 2021.

HUD funded, through a grant, a study that examined the effect of RAD on children’s well-being in the first site to undergo a RAD conversion, in Fresno, California. The study assessed changes at the property, level of resident engagement, and short-term health and educational outcomes of children. The study used a mixed-method design that included interviews with residents and housing agency staff and analysis of administrative data from the housing agency, the state health agency, and the local school district. According to partial results published recently, residents reported being pleased with aesthetic upgrades, improved thermal comfort, increased feelings of pride, and improved tenant relations after the renovation.

This NOFA announces the availability of  $750,000.  HUD may award one or two cooperative agreements, with a total of all awards not to exceed $750,000. The award floor is $300,000.

Preference Points: Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) preference points are available under this NOFO.

Opportunity Title:  Supplemental Comprehensive Housing Counseling Program
CFDA No:  14.536
Program NOFO

QUESTION: Would HUD be willing (assuming we got the funds) to create a sharing agreement for the 50058 records of the families in RAD housing in [State name] so we could do an evaluation?  In addition, we would want to create comparison groups of propensity score matched voucher holders or public housing children (if the data allow).

ANSWER. If your institution or organization receives a grant under this NOFA, HUD would generally look with favor on an application for a data license that would facilitate the proposed research plan.  The data license would be defined by the documents found at  If your institution or organization would not want to execute a data license agreement under the conditions set forth there, you may wish to consider other means of obtaining necessary data.

Application Opening Date: 05/26/2020
Application Due Date: 07/30/2020
OMB Approval No:  2528-0299

Agency Contact:   Persons with hearing or speech impairments may access this number via TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339. Please note that HUD staff cannot assist applicants in preparing their applications