Glossary of CPD Terms - C
These are some terms that are specifically related to HUD's Office of Community Planning and Development (CPD) programs or functions.
means Community Development Block Grant funds, including funds received in the form of grants under subpart D, F, or 570.405 of this part, funds awarded under section 108(q) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, loans guaranteed under subpart M of this part, urban renewal surplus grant funds, and program income as defined in 570.500(a).
Chief Executive Officer
of a State or unit of general local government means the elected official or the legally designated official, who has the primary responsibility for the conduct of that entity's governmental affairs. Examples of the "chief executive officer" of a unit of general local government are: the elected mayor of a municipality; the elected county executive of a county; the chairperson of a county commission or board in a county that has no elected county executive; and the official designated pursuant to law by the governing body of unit of general local government.
Citizen Participation Plan
A plan that must be developed by all PJs to describe and document efforts that will be undertaken to provide for and encourage citizens to participate in the development of the Consolidated Plan, any substantial amendments to the Consolidated Plan, and the performance report. (See definition of Consolidated Plan.)
has the meaning given it in section 102(a)(5) of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5302).
Texas, Arizona, California and New Mexico set aside up to 10 percent of their State CDBG funds for use in colonias.
- executed a legally binding agreement with a State recipient, subrecipient, or contractor to use a specific amount of HOME funds to produce affordable housing or provide tenant-based rental assistance; or
- executed a written agreement reserving a specific amount of funds for a Community Housing Development Organization; or
- met requirements to commit to a specific local project as defined below.
For tenant-based rental assistance, commitment means that a rental assistance contract between the participating jurisdiction (or other entity) and the tenant or owner has been executed. HUD recognizes a commitment when the project is set up in the Integrated Disbursement and Information System (IDIS).
- For rehabilitation or new construction projects, the PJ (or other entity) and the project owner will execute an agreement for an identifiable project under which construction can reasonably be expected to start within 12 months of the agreement date. If the project is owned by the PJ or State recipient, the project must be set up in the Integrated Disbursement and Information System (IDIS) and construction must be reasonably expected to start within 12 months of the set-up date.
- For projects consisting of the acquisition of standard housing by the PJ, the agreement must be a binding contract for the sale of an identifiable property and the property title must be transferred to the PJ (or other entity) within six months of the date of the contract.
- For projects involving the acquisition of standard housing and where the PJ is providing HOME funds to a purchaser under the agreement, the title of the property must be transferred to the purchaser within six months of the agreement date.
- For projects consisting of tenant-based rental assistance (TBRA), the PJ must enter into a rental assistance contract with the owner or the tenant in accordance with the provisions of 24 CFR Part 92.209.
Community and Individual Investment Corporation (CIIC)
For-profit corporation capitalized in part by Economic Development Initiative and Section 108 funds that invests in economic development activities in an identified service area where at least 51 percent of the residents are low- and moderate-income people and which offers residents the opportunity to purchase and own shares in the corporation.
Community Development Block Grant Program (CDBG)
A Federal program created under the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974. This program provides grants funds to local and State governments to be used to develop viable urban communities by providing decent housing with a suitable living environment and expanding economic opportunities to assist low- and moderate-income residents. CDBG replaced several categorical grant programs such as the Model Cities Program, the Urban Renewal Program and the Housing Rehabilitation Loan and Grant Program.
Community Development Block Grants (Entitlement)
In this program HUD directly provides annual CDBGs on a formula basis to entitled communities to carry out a wide range of community development activities directed toward neighborhood revitalization, economic development, and improved community facilities and services.
Community Development Block Grant (Insular Areas)
The Insular Areas CDBG program provides grants to four designated areas: American Samoa; Guam; Northern Mariana Islands; and the Virgin Islands.
Community Development Block Grants (Section 108 Loan Guarantee)
Section 108 is the loan guarantee provision of the CDBG Program. It offers communities a source of financing for housing rehabilitation, economic development, and large-scale physical development projects.
Community Development Block Grants (Small Cities)
In this program, HUD directly provides annual CDBG funds on a formula basis to States, which then administer the funding and act as a partner with the Federal Government in distributing funds to carry out a wide range of community development activities directed towards neighborhood revitalization, economic development, and improved community facilities and services.
Community Development Block Grant (State Administered)
States participating in the CDBG Program award grants only to units of general local government that carry out development activities. Annually each State develops funding priorities and criteria for selecting projects.
Community Housing Development Organization (CHDO)
A federally defined type of nonprofit housing provider that must receive a minimum of 15 percent of all Federal HOME funds. The primary difference between CHDO and other nonprofits is the level of low-income resident participation on the Board of Directors.
Community Reinvestment Act (CRA)
A 1977 law that requires banks and savings and loan institutions to take affirmative steps to help meet the credit needs of the communities they are chartered to serve, especially low- and moderate-income communities. The Act directs the four banking regulatory agencies (Federal Reserve Board, Officer of the Comptroller of the Currency, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Office of Thrift Supervision) to evaluate the extent to which these institutions are meeting local credit needs.
Community Renewal - Renewal Communities/Empowerment Zones/Enterprise Communities (RC/EZ/EC)
Federally designated localities that provide for tax incentives by combining efforts to create economic opportunity, sustainable community development, community-based partnerships, and a strategic vision for change.
A document written by a State or local government describing the housing needs of the low- and moderate-income residents, outlining strategies to meet the needs and listing all resources available to implement the strategies. This document is required to receive HUD Community Planning and Development funds.
Geographically contiguous units of general local government consolidated to be in a single unit of general local government for HOME Program purposes when certain requirements are met.
Continuum of Care
Policies designed to address the critical problem of homelessness that include a coordinated community-based process of identifying needs and building a system to address those needs. The approach is predicated on the understanding that homelessness is not caused merely by a lack of shelter, but involves a variety of underlying, unmet needs-physical, economic, and social.
means a change in the use of a building to an emergency shelter for the homeless under this part, where the cost of conversion and any rehabilitation costs exceed 75 percent of the value of the building after conversion.