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Shelter Plus Care (S+C)

Grants for rental assistance, in combination with supportive services from other sources, to assist hard-to-serve homeless persons with disabilities.

Nature of Program: Provides rental assistance for homeless people with disabilities, primarily those with serious mental illness, chronic problems with alcohol and/or drugs, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and related diseases. Rental assistance grants must be matched in the aggregate by supportive services that are equal in value to the amount of rental assistance and appropriate to the needs of the population to be served. Recipients are chosen on a competitive basis nationwide.

Rental assistance is provided through four S+C components: (1) Tenant-based Rental Assistance (TRA) provides rental assistance to homeless persons who choose the housing in which they reside. Residents retain the assistance if they move; and the term for grants is 5 years; (2) Sponsor-based Rental Assistance (SRA) provides rental assistance through contracts between the grant recipient and a private nonprofit sponsor or community mental health agency established as a public nonprofit entity that owns or leases dwelling units in which participants reside. The term for grants is 5 years; (3) Project-based Rental Assistance (PRA) provides rental assistance to the owner of an existing structure where the owner agrees to lease the units to homeless people. Residents do not take the assistance with them if they move. PRA grants are also for 5 years of assistance, but an owner may get 10 years of assistance if the owner rehabilitates the property; and (4) Section 8 Moderate Rehabilitation for Single Room Occupancy (SRO) Dwellings provides grants for rental assistance. Assistance is provided for 10 years.

Applicant Eligibility: States, units of general local government, or public housing agencies.

Legal Authority: Subtitle F of Title IV of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11403). Regulations are at 24 CFR part 582.

Note: The Act to Prevent Mortgage Foreclosures and Enhance Mortgage Credit Availability Act was signed into law on May 20, 2009 (Public Law 111-22). Division B of this new law is the Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act of 2009 (HEARTH Act). The HEARTH Act amends the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11371 et seq.) by consolidating and amending three separate homeless assistance programs (the Supportive Housing program, the Shelter Plus Care program, and the Moderate Rehabilitation/Single Room Occupancy program) carried out under title IV of the McKinney-Vento Act into a single grant program called the Continuum of Care Program. The Shelter Plus Care program will cease to exist upon implementation of the Continuum of Care program.

Administering Office: Office of Special Needs Assistance Programs (SNAPS) in the Office of Community Planning and Development, Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC 20410-7000.

Information Sources: Administering office and local HUD field offices.

Current Status: Active.