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Employment and Training Program Resources - Welfare to Work Vouchers

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Did You Know?

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Awards $200 Million in Bonus Payments to States for Leadership in Welfare to Work

In FY2000, 931,000 welfare recipients found new jobs. The states which performed the best in helping welfare recipients move toward employment received bonus payments. Bonuses awarded were based on four work measures that illustrate how well welfare recipients are moving to work and sustaining their success in the workforce. These measures include job entry rate, "success in the workforce rate" (combination of a job retention rate and an earnings gain rate), improvement in the job entry rate, and improvement in the success in the workforce rate. Visit the DHHS Web site to read the entire press release.

What's New
 -   Summary of TANF Reauthorization and Key Reform Bills that are Important to Public Housing Agencies
 -   Working Toward Independence: The President’s Plan to Strengthen Welfare Reform


HUD has a strong commitment to providing employment opportunities, training, and supportive services to assist low-income persons in becoming self-sufficient. Through HUD workforce development initiatives such as Family Self-Sufficiency, Youthbuild, and the Resident Opportunities and Self-Sufficiency (ROSS) program, many PHAs operate a variety of employment and training programs for residents.

However, research indicates that many of the families that remain on TANF are challenged by multiple employment barriers, including minimal education, limited skill levels, and poor work histories. Further, few housing authorities have the staff, resources, or expertise to provide the level of training and employment services needed to overcome participant barriers. Therefore, it is critical that housing authorities partner with their local DOL One-Stop centers and other community-based employment and training providers. These organizations can help PHAs recruit work-ready families while also offering training and placement services to voucher recipients in need of more extensive assistance.

Programs, Tools and Resources

The employment and training information listed below is useful to housing authorities that want to improve existing programs and/or recruit partners to provide employment-related services. When reviewing these and other resources, housing authorities should consider the goals and objectives of their program and create a service strategy that meets the needs of both WtW participants and local employers.

Guidance for Developing Employment Programs

 -   Assessing the Local Labor Market
 -   Developing a Job Training Program
 -   Developing Jobs for Welfare to Work Voucher Recipients
 -   Increasing Job Retention
 -   Involving Employers in WtW Efforts (an issue note from the Welfare Information Network)
 -   Making the Most of Employer Incentives
 -   Promoting Job Advancement
 -   Working with Hard-to-Serve Populations
 -   Overcoming Barriers to Employment
 -   Establishing a Mentoring Program
 -   Outline of How Federal Housing Programs Can Help Provide Employment and Training Opportunities and Supportive Services to Current and Former Welfare Recipients. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities Report.

Employment and Training Program Tools

 -   Tools for Implementing and Evaluating Job Training Programs
 -   2004 Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Outreach Kit
 -   Ten Ways PHAs Can Promote the Earned Income Tax Credit
 -   Assessment Tools from the Xerox WtW Initiative (Adobe PDF, 6 pages)

Other Resources

 -   CalWORKS Fact Sheet (Adobe PDF, 3 pages)
 -   Goodwill Industries Career and Job Training Services
 -   Summary of Teleconference 9: Focus on Employment
 -   Summary of Teleconference 10: More Employment Strategies and Success Stories
 -   Learning From Each Other Case Studies
 -   Defining Success in the New Economy: Self-Sufficiency as a Benchmark for Workforce Programs (a report by the Women's Educational and Industrial Union)
 -      Full Report (Adobe PDF, 37 pages)
 -      Executive Summary (Adobe PDF, 10 pages)
 -   Employment Resources for Women's Program
 -   Promising Program Practice: Xerox Corporation and Re-entry to Work
 -   Focus on Jobs: Slide Presentation from the National Conference (Adobe PDF, 24 slides)
 -   Marriott's "Pathway to Independence" Program (Adobe PDF, 2 pages)
 -   Online Resources
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